Are Google Forms Secure?

Anton Chernikov, founder of Nerdy Form by Anton Chernikov  |  Updated: Sep 04, 2023

In today's digital world, data security is of paramount importance. As we increasingly rely on online tools to collect, store, and share information, understanding the security of these tools becomes crucial. One such popular tool is Google Forms, widely used for surveys, questionnaires, and data collection. But how secure is it?

Online data security

In this blog post, we delve into the security aspects of Google Forms. We'll address some of the most frequently asked questions related to its privacy and security. We'll discuss whether Google Forms is GDPR and HIPAA compliant, explore who can access your forms, and much more.

Furthermore, we'll take a deep dive into the technical aspect of Google Forms security. This will include an examination of the encryption methods, access control mechanisms, data storage strategies, and other security measures that Google employs to keep your data safe.

Our goal is to provide you with a comprehensive understanding of the security features and potential vulnerabilities of Google Forms so that you can make informed decisions and take necessary precautions when using this tool. So, let's begin our exploration of Google Forms security.

Google Forms are as confidential as the settings chosen by the creator of the form. The form's creator can decide who can access the form, view the responses, and even whether or not respondents are anonymous. If the creator of the form chooses to make responses viewable only to them, then the responses will indeed remain confidential. However, it's essential to remember that data on Google Forms is stored on Google's servers, and subject to Google's data policies.

Yes, Google Forms are compliant with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). Google has taken necessary steps to ensure their services, including Google Forms, adhere to the GDPR's guidelines. It is essential, however, for users who are collecting data through Google Forms to ensure they are also compliant with GDPR. This means informing respondents about how their data will be used, ensuring data is collected for legitimate purposes, and not collecting more data than is necessary.

The visibility of your Google Forms depends on the settings you choose. You can choose to share your forms publicly, with specific individuals, or within your organization if you're using a Google Workspace account. If the form is set to 'public,' anyone with the link can access and fill it out, but they cannot see the responses unless you permit them to. If the form is set to private, only those with permission can view and complete the form.

Google Forms does not openly display the owner's information to the public. However, if the form's owner chooses to respond to comments or questions, their Google account name (and possibly their profile picture) may be visible. In a shared working environment or with Google Workspace, form ownership might be more visible, especially if the form is shared with others for collaboration.

By default, Google Forms does not collect email addresses, nor does it display them. However, the form creator can choose to collect email addresses, in which case the respondent will be notified at the start of the form. This feature can be useful when the form creator needs to follow up with respondents, but it should be used responsibly, keeping data privacy regulations in mind.

No, Google Forms are not always public. The creator of the form has the authority to determine who can view and fill out the form. They can make it accessible publicly, restrict it to certain individuals, or limit it to members within an organization. This flexibility allows the creator to maintain control over their form's visibility and the audience.

HIPAA, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, is a United States federal law enacted in 1996. It sets guidelines to ensure the protection and confidential handling of protected health information (PHI). The law is designed to regulate how healthcare providers, insurance companies, and any business associates handle and share patient data, aiming to safeguard medical information and ensure patients' privacy rights.

Google Forms provides a suite of security and privacy options that can be adjusted to align with HIPAA regulations. Entities covered by HIPAA can control the accessibility and visibility of files and folders, along with granting select collaborators the ability to share and edit.

When setting up Google Forms, administrators need to regulate sharing permissions to ensure proper management of data access and visibility. Additionally, admins should deactivate any third-party apps that do not adhere to HIPAA's privacy requirements. Compliance of software hinges on its usage, and hence, administrators need to appropriately configure privacy settings before and while using Google Forms for handling patient data.

Additional safeguards that could enhance HIPAA compliance include data encryption for safeguarding sensitive details, user authentication mechanisms, and audit controls that monitor information access.

If a covered entity plans to use Google Forms for collecting protected health information (PHI), a business associate agreement (BAA) must be established prior to gathering PHI via this platform. Google may provide a pre-signed BAA that encompasses Google Forms and other Google Workplace services, including Gmail, Docs, Sheets, Calendar, and Slides.

Google Forms security from a technical perspective 

From a technical perspective, Google Forms employs several security features designed to protect data and maintain privacy. Here are a few notable points:

Security Features in Google Forms Description
Data Encryption Google Forms uses secure socket layer (SSL) encryption for data transmission. This encrypts the data transferred between your computer and Google's servers.
Access Control The creator of a Google Form controls who can access the form and its responses. Sharing settings can be adjusted to permit access to specific individuals, anyone with the link, or the public.
Data Storage Data collected through Google Forms is stored on Google's secure servers. These servers are protected by Google's robust security infrastructure.
Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) Google provides 2FA, which adds an extra layer of security to your Google Account. It requires both your password and a second verification step to sign into your account.
Audit Logs In Google Workspace, administrators have access to audit logs, which record activities in Google Forms. This can help track any suspicious or unauthorized activities.
Updates and Patches Google continually updates its software, addressing any identified security vulnerabilities promptly, which helps maintain a high level of security.

However, it's worth noting that while Google provides these security features, the secure use of Google Forms also depends on the user. Users should use strong, unique passwords, enable 2FA, be cautious with sharing permissions, and stay informed about data privacy best practices. Additionally, Google Forms should not be used for collecting sensitive information unless additional security measures are in place.


In conclusion, Google Forms does offer a robust set of security features to protect the data you collect. The encryption, access control, and two-factor authentication mechanisms, among others, contribute to making Google Forms a safe tool for data collection and sharing, provided it is used responsibly. The confidentiality and privacy of your data largely depend on the settings you choose, making user vigilance an essential aspect of data security.

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